Publications by Kadriorg Art Museum 2014

Eveline von Maydell. A World in Black and White

2014 Eveline von MaydellEdited by Linda Lainvoo and Juta Kivimäe
Texts by Juta Kivimäe, Kärt Pauklin and Aleksandra Murre
Designed by Angelika Schneider
184 pp.
In Estonian and English, summary in Russian, illustrated
Published by the Art Museum of Estonia – Kadriorg Art Museum
Tallinn 2014

ISBN 978-9949-485-26-0

This book is a companion to the exhibition “Eveline von Maydell. A World in Black and White” at the Kadriorg Art Museum (29.03.–07.09.2014). The exhibition and book, which is a collaborative effort of the Art Museum of Estonia and the National Archives of Estonia, introduces a unique art collection left behind in Estonia during World War II. Today, the materials are stored in the Eveline and Guido von Maydell Fund (ERA.1298) at the National Archives and in the Art Museum of Estonia collection. The book also provides information about Eveline von Maydell (1890–1962) and the history of the shadow pictures tradition, and deals with issues related to the preservation and conservation of works of art on paper and made of paper.

Elegant and laconic, silhouette art captivates, on the one hand, with its simple concreteness and clear contrasts and, on the other, with its symbolism and multifaceted nature. The ancient art of silhouettes has survived its ups and downs in Western culture. It has served as entertainment for the upper classes, been sold as art at fairs, and been a fashionable style of book illustrating, and today also a medium for social art. In the second half of the 18th century, silhouette art became a favourite pastime for noblewomen, and it experienced a new wave of popularity during the Beidermeier period. In the early 20th century, this genre again became topical in the work of many artists in Europe, the United States and Russia. On the one hand, the popularity of silhouettes was related (especially in the U.S.) to bourgeois nostalgia for the prosperous lifestyle of the previous century and, on the other hand, to new aesthetic beliefs. People in the new era wanted to be depicted in the style of previous periods: in silhouettes. One of the outstanding masters of this genre was Eveline von Maydell, who was connected to Estonia but identified herself as a Baltic German. She was a noblewoman and artist, for whom, by force of circumstances, silhouette art became a profitable source of income and means of self-expression.

Mamma Liine’s reminiscences

2014 Mamma Liine malupildidAuthor: Tiina-Mall Kreem
Designed by Kätlin Tischler
36 pp.
In Estonian, illustrated
Published by the Art Museum of Estonia – Kadriorg Art Museum
Tallinn 2014

ISBN 978-9949-485-27-7

A children’s book that is a companion to the exhibition “Eveline von Maydell: A World in Black and White” at the Kadriorg Art Museum (29.03.–07.09.2014). The pictures in this little book are Eveline von Maydell’s silhouettes, also known as shadow pictures. The story accompanying the pictures was written by Tiina-Mall Kreem, who says: “This is only one of the many stories that come to mind when looking at Eveline’s wonderful silhouettes. Everyone, every child, could compose their own story based on these pictures.”

Eveline von Maydell (1890–1962) was German. As a child, she and her family spent their summers in Estonia; later she married a German nobleman named Gustav von Maydell, who was born in Estonia. The young couple first lived together in Germany, but after World War I they went to America in search of a better life. There, Eveline, who had studied art in Russia and dedicated herself to creating silhouettes in Germany, became a recognised artist. After her husband’s death, Eveline decided to come to Estonia and establish her home here. But World War II soon broke out and Eveline was forced to flee again. She spent the last decades of her life in Portugal. During the ravages of war, Eveline von Maydell’s suitcases with her finely executed silhouettes were left behind in Estonia. These tiny, mostly black and white, works of art are stored at the National Archives of Estonia (ERA.1298). They depict people and animals involved in all kinds of activities, indoors and out. The artist’s favourite models were children, although she had none of her own.