The Sculpture Collection of the Art Museum of Estonia is comprised of the works of Estonian sculptors from the second half of the 19th century to the present day. The foundation for the collection was established before World War I, when, in 1912, the City of Tallinn bought 12 plaster sculptures from August Weizenberg, Estonia’s first professional sculptor, for the use of the future museum.
Along with works by the classics of the early 20th century – Jaan Koort, Ferdi Sannamees, Anton Starkopf, Voldemar Mellik and others – the collection includes works by such masters as Enn Roos, Riho Kuld, Edgar Viies, Olav Männi, Matti Varik, Jaak Soans and others, who followed in the footsteps of Modernism during the Soviet period. An important part of the collection is comprised of works by such female artists as Juta Eskel, Mare Mikof, Hille Palm, Ellen Kolk, Aime Kuulbusch-Mölder and Tiiu Kirsipuu.
Donations of the works of exile Estonian artists have also supplemented the sculpture collection. In 1979, a gift of the best works from Ernst Jõesaar‘s studio in Sweden arrived at the museum and, in 2004, Erki Männik, the son of the sculptor Maire Männik, who lived in Paris, donated her large collection to the museum. A smaller part of the collection is comprised of the works of Baltic-German artists and of ecclesiastical wooden polychromatic sculptures dating from the 17th to 19th centuries. The best of the latter collection is exhibited at the Niguliste Museum.
The large collection of miniature sculptures consists of medals and plaquettes created by Estonian sculptors.